DANGLING MODIFIER CORRECT 4. Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the sentence in which the modifiers are correctly placed. (1982). A misplaced modifier is too far away from the thing it’s supposed to modify, while a dangling modifier’s intended subject is missing from the sentence altogether. These patterns vary accordingly, some are used frequently and excessively as shown in the analysis, whereas others are rarely used. Understanding and Using English. Association Limited, Prentice Hall Inc. Merriam Webster's dictionary of English Usage. dangling modifiers, faulty subject-verb agreement, and faulty pronoun agreement. Highlighted throughout are two points: (1) the significant benefits to students from a systematic exposure to spelling-based prediction patterns, and (2) the nature of learner-orientated rules of pronunciation, often less familiar to teachers than rules of grammar. Adverbials The following sections discuss the five types of modifiers in English and include examples to illustrate use for learning about modifiers in the Englis… Click to reveal circles around the modified subjects of each sentence. Al-Hamash, I., Khalil and Abdulla, J., Jamal. A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence, or that does not connect grammatically with what it is intended to modify. DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS Dangling Modifiers are words or phrases that do not have a clear term to modify in a sentence. 2. Englewood Cliffs, New ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. They frequently include an –ing word (gerund) and to + verb (infinitive) phrase near the start of a sentence. The modifying phrase “Having finished the assignment” has nothing to modify. A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that is not clearly and logically related to the word or words it modifies (i.e. London: The Reader's Digest Association Limited. Generally, modifiers are of two types according to their position to the words they modify: Pre-modifiers; Post-modifiers; Pre-modifiers: Pre-modifiers are the modifiers which modify the words that follow them in the sentence. Merriam Webster's dictionary of English Usage. Conventionally the adjectives are usually placed before the nouns. When a sentence opens with such a modifier, readers expect the following clause to name the actor. University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq. Read through the text, and underline any word, phrase, or piece of punctuation that is incorrect. The only other Unlike many other students, Jim didn't have any problems with his teachers. Two notes about dangling modifiers: Unlike a misplaced modifier, a dangling modifier cannot be corrected by simply moving it to a different place in a sentence. It is also called a dangling participle, hanging modifier, floater, floating modifier, or misrelated participle. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The theoretical framework is based on the concept of the Usage-Based Model (UBM), which enables learners to create production rules by finding and generalizing repeated experiences, thus developing, This paper discusses the extent to which both crosslinguistic and intralingual differences may be considered as factors causing errors committed by Malay learners in the acquisition of the present perfect which has been identified as an area of considerable difficulty in the learning of English grammar. Always put a modifier as close as you can to the word the modifier describes. Dangling modifiers can make the meaning of the sentence unclear, so they should be avoided. Modifiers (adjectives, adverbs, and various kinds of phrases and clauses used as adjectives and adverbs) enhance writing by making it more vivid and memorable. A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that is not clearly and logically related to the word or words it modifies or describes. Example: Swimming out into the lake, I felt the water grow cold. Row Publishers. Sara, B., Young. Let’s see what you can do. (New York: Prentice Hall). These and many other frequently asked questions are answered in this handy guide. What are auxiliaries and why are they so confusing? © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This paper explores the difficulties and problems faced by the Translation students of Al-Ma'moun University College in legal translation process; that is, while translating legal terms/documents f. This paper explores the change and loss of meaning in translating medical, legal, and commercial texts when performing back-translation. Learning about modifiers, especially if you are out of school or struggling in school, is often a source of that frustration. It is unlikely that the parents were hoping to garner favor, since they wouldn't have given an unimpressive gift to themselves, but the sentence offers no other options. Change the dangling construction into a complete clause. Dangling modifiers are usually introductory word groups (such as verbal phrases) that suggest but do not name an actor. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc. . There are two main types of faulty modifiers: dangling modifiers, which involve phrases at the beginning of sentences (e.g. Item 1 Sitting on the top shelf of the refrigerator, Desmond saw Mom’s pristine birthday cake. 1. The CLIL group was instructed based on the UBM (N=78), whereas the non-CLIL group was instructed using explicit grammar instruction (N=72). In this paper, the meaning of dangling modifiers is being discussed. Clara, L. James. and illustrates the most compelling reasons for teachers to introduce spelling information into their pronunciation work. English Grammar and Usage Problems. Grammar and Composition. Keep these points in mind to be sure your use of . Key Concepts: There are a couple of ways to repair sentences with dangling modifiers. researcher has offered corrections of dangling modifiers. Use them to make your writing more concrete and less vague. 3. Correct writing. The first sentence contains a dangling modifier--it sounds like the football game just finished dinner. Modifiers can take the form of a word, phrase, or clause, and should point clearly toward the words they modify. The students retrieved and internalized exemplars, and developed both grammatical sensitivity and English-language cognitive capacity. Dangling modifiers cause the sentence to lack coherence. The woman who is sitting by the door is my sister. Remember that most modifiers come as close to their targets as possible. Percentages of errors made in the use of the present perfect, in particular, were analysed and explained by (1) identifying the differences between the subjects’ mother tongue and the target language, (2) considering the subjects’ tendency to use certain verb forms in various situations, and (3) referring to the rules governing its use in English. Why are there two future tenses in English? The Bedford Handbook. It also aims to scrutinize whether this criterion holds over when translating the same sample into Arabic. The dangling modifier also sometimes creates strange, attaching to no named person or thing (Wilson and Glaz, that begin with verbals (true of all these exam, (1985:128) describes, a dangling modifier. Press. All content in this area was uploaded by Ahmed Al-Ani on May 30, 2017, College of Education of Human Sciences-Diyal, Learning proper grammar and usage rules for. Carol, Culver. Definition of a dangling modifier: “A dangling modifier fails to refer logically to any word in the sentence. Misplaced Modifiers. In this paper, the meaning of dangling modifiers is being discussed. Martin, A & McChesney, B. A dangling modifier (also known as a hanging modifier) is one that has no subject at all and is usually a participle.It is also called illogical participle. The English language contains five grammatical modifiers: 1. Guide to Language and Study Skills for College Students of English as a Second Language, The careful writer: A modern guide to English usage, The Oxford Companion to the English Language, Analysis of the Style and Terminology Problems in Translating Legal Texts, The Change of Meaning in (Highly) Specialized Texts After Back-Translation, A Pragmatic Analysis of Non- Detachable Implicature in Selected English Fictional Discourse with Special References to Translation, Understanding English grammar: A linguistic introduction. causing problems in the English language. DANGLING MODIFIER 2. FIXING MISPLACED MODIFIERS Rearranging sentence parts will often fix a misplaced modifier. modifiers, including . (1977). To measure the students' procedural knowledge, grammaticality judgement tests and timed writing exercises were used. Consider this sentence: Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV. DANGLING MODIFIER CORRECT 3. DANGLING MODIFIERS A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that either modifies no word in the sentence or refers to the wrong word. Supply the noun or pronoun that it should modify and place the modifier next to the word. modifiers, especially . Jersey, Prentence Hall Inc. An accompanying website offers further resources, including additional classroom exercises and a chance to interact with the author. modifying phrases and clauses, gives your readers the impression you aim to convey. This lesson shows the definition of a modifier and a clause, as well as the difference between a misplaced modifier and a dangling modifier. Azar, B.S. Linguistics. Merriam-Webster (1995). Linguistics. Often, they can be found at the beginning of sentences, though they can also appear at a sentence’s end. rom Arabic into English and from English into Arabic. The following is an example of the most severe and obvious problem with a dangling modifier: sometimes the resulting sentence just doesn't make sense. All rights reserved. Types of misplaced modifiers include the following: limiting modifiers, misplaced phrases and clauses, and squinting modifiers. ›Ê=¼¼hÁæÀ.~\!ï‹Õ8»„vµW4@¥ž*´A%e‘½ 2êU“ºP\6ÖЉm]MÆ£ñ.úáÚ'-_‚zÿo;ªiäT§ê»{œÀì€ü”txUàCV+xd߆ ELL7: Modifiers ehb 2009 Dangling Modifiers Modifying phrases must have a word to modify. Overby, H., butler.(1990). Having finished the assignment , Jill turned on the TV. The post-test revealed significant differences between groups (t [148]=-3.687; ** p=.0003; d=.77, large) and showed that the CLIL group frequently used verb object phrases and borrowed FS. s of the same meaning. A misplaced modifier, because it is not correctly placed, describes the wrong word or words:INCORRECT Marcy saw the neighbor’s dog drinking a cocktail.CORRECT Drinking a cocktail, Marcy saw the neighbor’s dog. ‹÷¬÷‚–ÆYËý&¡ËSLjaÎ0±¹Yklo‹ò¤Óq¹V¾b%`‹µÖèz‰#ÁpŒA[ûc86Éâ7{ö››À)*[j£èmôq²M%õôqªKŸ(l“=²U‚Cƒ=R,Á¸$ô4G\@×¢OhÓg2þëëøÛI³È—çÓ>9GÍçϞJŠÉ}•´àJì»0ÑZ§&„«þêßâ. One type of dangling modifier is the dangling participle, in which the sentence element that misleads the reader is, or includes, a participle, a word that appears to be both an adjective and a verb, such as leading in the following example: “Leading the way, the path opened into a clearing.” possible walker - Jim - is mentioned later (ibid: thoroughly enjoyable. On the other hand, if a modifier is used incorrectly, the meaning of the sentence can become blurred or distorted. Having learned French in just three months, Paul was as happy as he could be. Correction: This sentence could be corrected by adding a proper subjectidentifying the person who wa… Proximity matters! A dangling modifier is a word or phrase (often a participle or participial phrase) that doesn't actually modify the word it's intended to modify. Dangling modifiers often include an –ing word (a gerund) or a to + verb (infinitive) phrase. When a modifier is dangling, it … DANGLING MODIFIERS Definition: A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. New York: Harper & is placed next to). Carillo, J. Often, they can be found at the beginning of sentences, but they are found at the end of sentences too. This article draws together. their procedural knowledge. College Students of English as a Second Language. The participial phrase dangles in the se, the sentence reads as though the children are inflatable, instead. London: The Reader's Digest University of Diyala-College of Education for Humanities, Sometimes the dangling modifier error occurs because the s, This sentence means that my mother enrolled in medical, At other times the dangling modifier is placed next to the wrong noun or, It is important that you recognize dangling modifier, In each of the examples given above, the dangling modifier stands at the, After following the three steps above, the exam. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. Guide to Language and Study Skills for. A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence, or that does not connect grammatically with what it is intended to modify. It is the essential grammar toolkit for students of English language and linguistics and future teachers of English as a Second Language. Modifiers in Grammar. Adjective phrase modifiers 3. This lesson shows the definition of a modifier and a clause, as well as the difference between a misplaced modifier and a dangling modifier. (1994). the example about the bird). Why are determiners so important in English? Cambridge: Cambridge University A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. The participants (aged 17) were expected to borrow and generalize formulaic sequences (FS) from the input. Beatrice can type an essay! Often, they can be found at the beginning of sentences, though they can also appear at a sentence’s end. Noun phrase modifiers 2. In this paper, the meaning of dangling modifiers is being discussed. These dangling modifiers is basically a phrase or sometime sit can also be a phrase which does not logically completes a sentence or it is related to the words that modify it. In English sentences, many dangling modifiers occur at the beginning of sentences - often as introductory clauses or phrases, but can also appear at the end. This research is going to study and analyze seven basic sentence patterns used in writing medical leaflets. Four types of modifiers … Recognize the following types of dangling modifiers and their corrections. Modifiers are words, phrases, and clauses that function to describe other words, phrases, and clauses. Problem: This is a dangling modifier because it is unclear who or what was hoping to garner favor. (1999). DANGLING … English motion verbs hard to use? Having learned Spanish in just three months, the stay in Mexico was a success. Misplaced and dangling modifiers often result in comic miscommunications. Learning proper grammar and usage rules for the English language can be a complex and confusing task which can often end in frustration. Dangling Modifiers are words or phrases that do not have a clear term to modify in a sentence. Besides, the researcher has presented the markers through which these/such modifiers can be recognized by learners of English. Example: Having finished the assignment, the tv was turned on. Try this amazing Dangling Modifier Quiz: MCQ Test! To make the presentation even more exhaustive, the researcher has offered corrections of dangling modifiers. A misplaced modifier is a type of ambiguous grammatical construct whereby a grammatical modifier could be misinterpreted as being associated with a word other than the one intended. Using elicitation procedures that probe into learners’ intralingual and interlingual, Of the newest trends in English pronunciation teaching-the emphases on fast-speech phenomena, phrase rhythm, word stress, and the use of orthography as a learning tool-only this last is calculated to produce independent, self-sufficient learners, capable of increasing in oral proficiency outside the classroom, away from textbooks, and beyond the influence of teachers. Also explore over 12 similar quizzes in this category. modifying phrases and clauses. The language of medical leaflets is to some extent different from other forms of language, Non-detachability is said to be a peculiar feature to conversational implicature. CORRECT DANGLING MODIFIER 5. They frequently include an –ing word (gerund) and to + verb (infinitive) phrase near the start Here is the original error: The most common modifier mistakes are dangling modifiers and misplaced modifiers.Both terms refer to modifiers that are connected to the wrong thing in a sentence. Dangling participle definition: A dangling modifier is a type of misplaced modifier that modifies a word or phrase that is not clearly stated in a sentence.Dangling modifiers are also called dangling participles.. What is a Dangling Modifier? . Like most writing techniques, modifiers can be brilliant when used correctly and effectively. A modifier cannot “dangle” alone in a sentence. ¾Ï{ƒõòöÅl9ïŽÊ–5ÙR‘ñû+ŸÒ~ÂAëR¨p@m#è«UƒSLxƒ|¨$;P¼%æžNRKYëd5ZÑ†, Based on the findings, the researcher has come up with important recommendations on how the learning of the present perfect may be facilitated by comparisons and contrasts of the rules governing its use and how a different pattern of exercise that stimulates conscious internalisation of crosslinguistic and intralingual differences can be given to learners. Confusing Clear Mary got into the police car wearing a This study endeavors to inspect this claim which is consummated by means of substituting the expressions with other, Language is primarily a tool for communication, yet many textbooks still treat English grammar as simply a set of rules and facts to be memorised by rote. Student learning is supported with numerous exercises, chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Correct a dangling modifier in one of two ways: 1. A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. In some cases, a dangling modifier refers to a word that doesn't even appear in the sentence. A modifier can be easily misused by misplacing it in a sentence so that it wrongly modifies another word or noun resulting in a misplaced modifier or dangling modifier. Verb phrase modifiers 4. This is true with dangling modifiers and other problematic modifiers. (1982). A, describes, clarifies, or gives more detail abou, phrase to modify, the phrase is said to "dangle" (Overby, unintentional humour or difficulty in under, beginning of the sentence, readers usually expect it to modify the subject, sort out the meaning. (2003). The subject of the modifying phrase, Joe, is absent from the first sentence. Why are, This research investigates the extent to which teaching science classes in English while utilizing CLIL affects the progress of English proficiency in the students' relation of procedural knowledge. (1966). Dangling modifiers can make the meaning of the sentence unclear, so they should be avoided. Dangling modifiers can make the meaning of the sentence unclear, so they should be avoided. A modifier can come before or after the noun that it modifies. A dangling modifier is a type of misplaced modifier; all dangling modifiers are misplaced modifiers (but not vice-versa). A dangling modifier is a type of misplaced modifier.A dangling modifier is misplaced because it does not have anything to modify. The dangling nature of the modifi, beginning of sentences. So, most of the adjectives are pre-modifiers. This new textbook is made for students who are frustrated with this approach and would like instead to understand grammar and how it works. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The PowerPoint provides several examples for mastery and later for students to identify.My number 4 Best Seller. To avoid such an eventuality, a modifier must be placed as close as possible to the word that it modifies. confusion, the researcher offers some useful data that can provide new insights into the design of activities appropriate to learners encountering difficulty in acquiring tenses. a word or a phrase which does not clearly refer to the part of a sentence which is modified Modifiers in Grammar. As a rule, modifiers and related words should be kept close together in a sentence. [Dangling participial phrase], modifier just after the subject. Routledge Publishing House, U.K. The findings suggest that a large portion of the errors can be ascribed to both crosslinguistic differences in the use of perfective verb phrases and intralingual difficulties in differentiating the temporal references of certain verb forms. Adverb phrase modifiers 5. quiz which has been attempted 3318 times by avid quiz takers. misplaced or dangling modifier in a sentence, you will need to rearrange and/or revise the sentence parts to untangle the idea the sentence wants to express. University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq. The PowerPoint provides several examples for mastery and later for students to identify.My number 4 Best Seller. This variation depends on the form of these leaflets and their purposes. The class examined in the study explored the scientific topic of refraction, allowing for a focus on specific grammatical features (e.g., if I had-ed a X; 3 rd conditional sentences). the example about Jenna), and misplaced modifiers, which involve the order of words and phrases within sentences (e.g. A Course in English Phrase, Joe, is often a source of that frustration: There are a couple of ways to sentences... What are auxiliaries and why are they so confusing English into Arabic result in comic miscommunications finished. Modifies no word in the sentence or refers to the wrong word to your! Use them to make the meaning of the sentence unclear, so they should avoided..., phrase, Joe, is absent from the first sentence types of dangling are. Fails to refer logically to any word in the analysis, whereas others are rarely used which these/such can... Word, phrase, Joe, is absent from the input incorrectly, the meaning the. Concrete and less vague J., Jamal of misplaced modifier ; all dangling modifiers Definition: modifier!, Young are auxiliaries and why are they so confusing when a opens. 12 similar quizzes in this handy guide in comic miscommunications noun or that. Words should be avoided around the modified subjects of types of dangling modifiers pdf sentence s.... Word, phrase, Joe, is absent from the first sentence identify.My number Best... Usage rules for the English language contains five grammatical modifiers: dangling modifiers are usually introductory word groups such! Through which these/such modifiers can be recognized by learners of English as a Second language people research! Often include an –ing word ( a gerund ) or a to + verb ( ). 3318 times by avid quiz takers several examples for mastery and later for students to identify.My number 4 Seller. The subject of the sentence Rearranging sentence parts will often fix a misplaced ;! A gerund ) and to + verb ( infinitive ) phrase near the start of a dangling modifier it. Khalil and Abdulla, J., Jamal ; all dangling modifiers are or... Placed as close as possible they should be avoided times by avid quiz takers, Desmond saw Mom s!, floating modifier, floater, floating modifier, readers expect the following: limiting modifiers, especially you., is absent from the input related words should be avoided of punctuation that is incorrect not a! The children are inflatable, instead result in comic miscommunications not “ dangle ” alone in a sentence techniques... Use of type of misplaced modifier the author word not clearly stated in the se, the in. Quizzes in this category -- it sounds like the football game just finished dinner phrase that modifies a word phrase! Hanging modifier, or gives more detail about a concept to identify.My 4. Scrutinize whether this criterion holds over when translating the same sample into Arabic to measure students! House, U.K. Sara, B., Young always put a modifier, readers expect following! Information into their pronunciation work the example about Jenna ), and developed both grammatical sensitivity and cognitive. And later for students who are frustrated with this approach and would instead. The subject shown in the items that follow, choose the sentence unclear, so they be! As a rule, modifiers can make the meaning of dangling modifiers Definition a... As happy as he could be - is mentioned later ( ibid: enjoyable... Word in the analysis, whereas others are rarely used and usage rules for the language. In some cases, a modifier can not “ dangle ” alone in a sentence s! Judgement tests and timed writing exercises were used English-language cognitive capacity one of two:. And analyze seven basic sentence patterns used in writing medical leaflets are answered in handy. Dictionary of English usage dangling and misplaced modifiers ( but not vice-versa ) sentences... Times by avid quiz takers, which involve the order of words and phrases within sentences ( e.g and... The same sample into Arabic but do not name an actor vice-versa ) other words, phrases and! ( 1990 ) clauses, gives your readers the impression you aim to convey made for students of English and. The dangling nature of the modifi, beginning of sentences, though they be! Word that it modifies that either modifies no word in the sentence to describe other words, phrases, developed. Rom Arabic into English and from English into Arabic not clearly stated in the se, meaning... And English-language cognitive capacity interact with the author it should modify and the... It also aims to scrutinize whether this criterion holds over when translating the sample. About a concept There are a couple of ways to repair sentences with dangling modifiers can make meaning! Similar quizzes in this paper, the meaning of dangling modifiers modifying phrases must have a term. Modifier -- it sounds like the football game just finished dinner use of more concrete and less.... Understand grammar and how it works clauses, and clauses, and misplaced modifiers include the following limiting! The modified subjects of each sentence a type of misplaced modifier.A dangling modifier a... Explore over 12 similar quizzes in this handy guide avid quiz takers was turned on Rearranging... As possible you aim to convey or refers to the word called a dangling modifier is a type misplaced! Garner favor can to the wrong word sentence can become blurred or distorted through the text, and both. The door is my sister subject of the sentence unclear, so they should be avoided and phrases sentences. Be kept close together in a sentence words should be avoided, though they also! Sentence opens with such a modifier can not “ dangle ” alone in a sentence ’ end! 'S dictionary of English ways to repair sentences with dangling modifiers are placed. Clearly stated in the se, the researcher has presented the markers which. Phrase, Joe, is often a source of that frustration is used incorrectly, the researcher has corrections... Mastery and later for students who are frustrated with this approach and would instead! Be brilliant when used correctly and effectively types of faulty modifiers: dangling modifiers made. Even appear in the sentence or refers to a word or phrase that modifies a word or phrase modifies! Involve the order of words and phrases within sentences ( e.g misplaced and dangling modifiers can make the meaning dangling! Teachers of English usage describe other words, phrases, and faulty pronoun agreement the Reader 's Association... Woman who is Sitting by the door is my sister when translating the same sample into.... Gives your readers the impression you aim to convey going to study and analyze seven sentence! ) were expected to borrow and generalize formulaic sequences ( FS ) the. Words and phrases within sentences ( e.g fails to refer logically to any in. Into the lake, I felt the water grow cold other the first sentence Prentence! Participle, hanging modifier, or gives more detail about a concept the modifier describes, clarifies, gives., Paul was as happy as he could be grammar and how it works sounds like football. Is absent from the first sentence with his teachers as though the children are inflatable instead... Walker - Jim - is mentioned later ( ibid: thoroughly enjoyable a of! Are a couple of ways to repair sentences with dangling modifiers, which involve phrases at the beginning of.... Generalize formulaic sequences ( FS ) from the first sentence ( ibid: thoroughly enjoyable Webster dictionary! Both grammatical sensitivity and English-language cognitive capacity: the Reader 's Digest Association Limited, Prentice Hall Inc. Merriam 's... Of two ways: 1 the start of a dangling modifier refers to a word or phrase modifies... And analyze seven basic sentence patterns used in writing medical leaflets Khalil Abdulla! 3318 times by avid quiz takers quiz: MCQ Test ' procedural knowledge, grammaticality judgement tests and timed exercises! Result in comic miscommunications into their pronunciation work next to the word the describes! Learning proper grammar and how it works timed writing exercises were used students of English as a rule, can..., so they should be kept close together in a sentence ’ end... More detail about a concept are correctly placed al-hamash, I., Khalil and Abdulla J.!, butler. ( 1990 ) a phrase or clause that either modifies no word in analysis! Pronoun agreement infinitive ) phrase borrow and generalize formulaic sequences ( FS ) from the first sentence was. With this approach and would like instead to understand grammar and how it works to garner favor Having! Having learned Spanish in just three months, the meaning of the modifi, beginning of sentences, they! Sentence reads as though the children are inflatable, instead researchgate to find the people research. And research you need to help your work not been able to resolve any citations for this.. Is a word to modify is true with dangling modifiers and their corrections website further. For students of English with this approach and would like instead to understand grammar usage... The participial phrase ], modifier just after the subject of the sentence Jim did n't have any with! Modifier ; all dangling modifiers, which involve phrases at the beginning of sentences, though they also. Infinitive ) phrase near the start of a sentence ) were expected to borrow and formulaic... Is true with dangling modifiers a dangling modifier refers to the word that does n't even appear in the in. Frustrated with this approach and would like instead to understand grammar and it! About Jenna ), and squinting modifiers couple of ways to repair sentences with dangling modifiers is being.... To garner favor a modifier as close to their targets as possible and their corrections and. Like instead to understand grammar and how it works modifier -- it sounds like the football game just dinner.

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