Growth Habit: Moderate Growth Rate: Rapid Max. Hardy to -50° F Maximum Elevation: 8,500 Feet These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. Dead branches should be removed close to the trunk, flush with the bark. COTTONWOOD LANCELEAF $ 299.99 – $ 799.99. Only the female species of cottonwood trees produce the white fluff for which the tree is known. The leaf edges are slightly serrated. As its name suggests, these poplar trees have narrow leaves when compared to other cottonwood trees. Even today, cottonwoods are grown in parks and other areas for the excellent shade from their dense foliage. However, it is the pollen from the cottonwood tree that causes the majority of hay fever symptoms. The leaves are dark to silvery green on top with paler undersides. Their tall stature and wide-spreading dense foliage mean they are great shade trees. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber. Even just a slight breeze causes cottonwood trees to make this unique rustling sound. The main identifying features of black poplar cottonwoods are their fine-toothed leaves, oval diamond shapes, and glossy green color. Cottonwood fluff surrounds the seeds of female tree species and may cause allergy. This huge majestic deciduous tree is also called the Alamo cottonwood as it is found in Texas and other southern US states. Aphids, leaf beetles, canker fungus, fungal leaf spots, and root rot are just some of the problems these trees have. Cottonwood bark. Britton, N.L., and A. Slender branches form a dense, upright, oval shade tree. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). Black cottonwoods only grow to about 90 ft. (27 m) high which is shorter than their North American cousins. As with all cottonwoods, the bark has deep fissures giving it a cracked appearance. The Lanceleaf cottonwood is found along streams in and near the foothills, and is easily recognized by the long leaf stalk and the distinctive leaf shape, tapering to a point, with maximum width about mid-length not near the base of the leaf. These fast-growing trees can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) in just 20 years. It can reach 50 feet in a 20 year period. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). 5 and 8). Cottonwood trees are not the ideal type of landscaping tree for small or medium-sized backyards. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds (catkins) with reddish or yellowish flowers. These are the cottonwood pods covered in white fluff that are a nuisance in the summer. These leaves grow alternately on branches and have a flat stem. SKU: ... Growth Rate: rapid growing. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), cottonwoods grow in areas of full sun and in moist, well-drained sandy soil. These cottonwood trees grow in the western regions of North America at high altitudes. They are also popular to use in helping to restore a natural environment as they prevent soil erosion. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. It can reach 50 feet in a 20 year period. Brown. They are a common sight in the Rocky Mountains where they grow near mountain streams and creeks. Very Good Rapid to 8000' Tolerant of alkaline soils Attractive to song birds, cover for fowl White or Purple flowers in spring Mountain Mahogany Their tall stature and fast-growing nature mean they are more suited to large, wide-open spaces. The leaves of this poplar are some of the largest of any of the cottonwood trees. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. The leaves of the Chinese necklace poplar are very large. In this article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees. These large trees provide good shade and grow in almost any environment. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. There are also some subspecies of these hardy tall trees that you will find out about later in this article. Mature height will be typically 60-80’ with a crown spread approximately 50-60’. Lanceleaf cottonwood trees grow to between 40 and 60 ft. (12 – 18 m) and have a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). Data Source and References for Populus ×acuminata (lanceleaf cottonwood) from the USDA PLANTS database So, within about 10 – 30 years, these majestic trees are tall enough to produce timber. Also called the swamp poplar or downy poplar, these huge trees are similar to eastern cottonwoods. As with all species of cottonwood, the Chinese necklace distributes fluffy cotton fruits from May until the end of June. Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees - Including Care Guide (With Pictures), Types of Oak Trees with Their Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Cherry Trees with Their Leaves and Flowers - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide, Chart and Pictures, Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures, Problems, and More. You will notice that mature cottonwood trees have a thick bark that is deeply fissured. Plant Size: Clear: Quantity. Medium sized, lance-shaped, green leaves turn yellow in fall. Cottonwood trees are huge deciduous trees that have large green leaves and thick foliage. There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. Cottonwoods have an impressive growth rate and grow about 3 ft. (1 m) every year. This cottonwood species is also classed as a riparian zone tree, meaning it thrives near rivers and streams. Grows at a very rapid rate, as much as 5–8' per year. Medium sized, lance-shaped, green leaves turn yellow in fall. Populus acuminata (pop’-u-lus a-ku-mi-na’-ta) Family: Salicaceae, Willow. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Average growth rate is 0.16 to 0.47 inch (4-12 mm) [26,143], and a growth rate of 0.5 inch (13.5 mm) per day has been observed over a 4-day period . You are here: Home › Products › 4000ft - 5000ft › 5000ft - 6000ft › 6000ft - 7000ft › 7000ft - 8000ft › Container - Tube › Deciduous Trees › Large Tube › Lanceleaf Cottonwood – Large Tube Although, some studies do show that people can suffer from allergic reactions to the cotton. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. The scientific name of this cottonwood species is from the triangularly-shaped leaves. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. When pruning to control a plant's size or shape, cuts should be … Similar to all species of cottonwood, black poplars are fast-growing trees that produce low-grade timber. Elongated narrow leaves that are glossy green and turn sunny yellow in the fall. This type of cottonwood tree is a hybrid between the eastern cottonwood and the narrowleaf cottonwood. While not always a long-lived perennial, it can grow in some of the most inhospitable, infertile areas Lanceleaf Cottonwood . Want create site? Bark on new growth has an bright orange-yellow color Kremmling Cottonwood Lanceleaf Cottonwood Moderate 40-60' Low Rapid to 8,500' Adapted to coarse soils Low Seasonal yellow leaves Lilac Dense 8-12'. This cottonwood species has long buds that grow up to 3 cm and these bloom into yellowish flowers. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. Cottonwoods have an impressive growth rate and grow about 3 ft. (1 m) every year. Its root system is extremely shallow, ravenous and destructive. Height (ft): 60 Max Width/Spread (ft): 25 Life Span: Moderate Cold Hardiness: Good Drought Resistance: Low Elevation Range: 8500 Soil Conditions: Wildlife Value: Low Wildlife Notes: Seasonal Color: Males have Attractive Yellow leaves in … Some people describe the tree as the most hated tree in America. If you want to use a cottonwood tree in landscaping, then choose the ‘Highland’ cultivar as it doesn’t produce annoying cotton fluff in the summer. Key Steps. Growth habit: Large-maturing, fast growing. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees are species of tree in the genus Populus and family Salicaceae (willow tree). They are also fast-growing trees that are identified by their lance-shaped dark green glossy leaves, pyramidal shape, and hardiness. Leaves can grow up to 13” (35 cm) long and 10” (25 cm) wide. The light white fluffy fibers can accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters. Apart from producing a flurry of white fuzzy fluff in late spring and early summer, there are other ways to identify cottonwoods. Britton, N.L., and A. The wood density is soft and the timber is used as a cheap type of hardwood. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees grow to about 98 ft. (30 m) tall and grow in zones 3 – 7. You will find cottonwood trees growing in the eastern, central, and southwestern states of the US. Swamp cottonwoods are another species of massive tree that grows in temperate regions in North America. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. One of the unique aspects of cottonwood trees is the white soft fluff that seems to get everywhere. More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. One of the differences between black and eastern cottonwoods is their size. Also called the necklace poplar, the eastern cottonwood tree grows throughout the central and eastern regions of the United States. The trees are also used in large parks to attract different kinds of wildlife and create windbreaks. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. If you compare them with eastern cottonwood leaves, you will see Fremont’s cottonwood leaves are smaller with less serration. Hardy to -50°F For many people, the fluff from cottonwood trees is a nuisance. Rather than having a delta-shaped leaf, they have heart-shaped leaves. Typically has a broad, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches. As with most species of trees in the cottonwood family, the timber is weak and the narrowleaf cottonwood tree is not commercially important. 1913. Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. Plains cottonwood was planted on surface-mined lands in Indiana 1928-1975 . Narrow-leaf cottonwood grows along streambanks in dry mountains, desert shrublands, and prairie grasslands and in coniferous forests with willows and alders, at elevations of 900-2450 meters. You can tell the male and female species apart because the males have yellow catkins and the females have green colored ones. So, within about 10 – 30 years, these majestic trees are tall enough to produce timber. Populus angustifolia – Narrowleaf Cottonwood: height: 30-50’, Spread 20-30’, Hardy to 8,000 ft. Dense upright oval to pyramidal tree.Will sucker profusely! Of course, the cotton fluff they shed in early summer is a problem for most people living near to cottonwood trees. Their flat wide edge and flat stem make them “clatter” in the wind. They are often found in forests near rivers or streams and grow to between 65 and 195 ft. (20 – 60 m) high. These hardwood trees are also found in deciduous forests. For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Add to Wishlist. I deep water it once a week. Zone: 3: Height: 45' Foliage: Glossy Green: Spread: 20-25' Fall Foliage: Yellow: Growth Rate: Fast: Shape: Upright, Pyramidal : A hardy native Cottonwood. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… COTTONWOOD LANCELEAF. The eastern cottonwood is a large and fast growing tree. These long white beads of fluff shed in June and July and are a nuisance for people living near them. The Cottonwood’s Place in … Tree 10–30 m with ascending branches. This grayish-brown bark helps protects this native tree from drought and fire. Some leafs turn brown. Along with pictures of cottonwood tree species, descriptions of the bark and leaves will help to identify these large native North American trees. These medium-sized trees are good for landscaping and shade. 16 Upper Missouri Basin and Broken Lands, KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS [136]: They also float on water and can travel downstream. 1913. The “delta” leaves are between 1.5” to 4” long (4 – 10 cm) and about the size at their widest part. cottonwood growth in nati ve riparian zones and compared. It is found from 4500 to about 8500 feet (1200 to 2600 m) Many cottonwoods grow from 70 to 100 feet tall, and the tree’s quick growth rate and adaptability to many soils and climates have made it an age-old friend to the American people. REDBUD MERLOT $ 399.99 – $ 749.99; Add to Wishlist. A large, upright, rounded shade tree with dense branching and smooth grayish bark that becomes rigid as it matures. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Add to cart. Cottonwood trees have long triangular-shaped leaves that measure up to 6 inches each and with a growth rate of almost 6 feet every year, they can easily reach heights of 40 meters (approx 130 feet) or more when completely matured. Poplar cottonwoods also grow on the east coast of southern Canada and in northeastern Mexico. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). It takes the desert summer heat (115+) with enough water. Long, narrow, willow-like leaves are bright green becoming rich yellow during fall. Find Free Themes and plugins. Usually, most cottonwood species of tree leaves have pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars are almost smooth-edged. Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Bark tan, becoming furrowed. The third major cottonwood species is Fremont’s cottonwood. When the leaves change color in the fall during October and November, they become bright yellow or orange. The fast growth rate of cottonwood trees and the strength of the timber means it has many uses. Growth rate Medium to fast growth rate depending on growing period. 3 vols. You will also notice fruit looking like large clumps of fluffy white cottonwood pods on the tree. Features triangular leaves that are 3–6" long and 4–5" wide with slightly rounded teeth around the margin. Bark on new growth has an bright orange-yellow color Kremmling Cottonwood Lanceleaf Cottonwood Moderate 40-60' Low Rapid to 8,500' Adapted to coarse soils Low Seasonal yellow leaves Lilac Dense 8-12'. Crown spread is around 30′. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. The trees are notorious for fluffy strings of seeds that get carried great distances in the breeze. We detected that your JavaScript seem to be disabled. These dark shiny leaves turn to impressive bright yellows in the fall. Leaf blades ovate with shallowly cuneate bases, 5–9 cm long, somewhat glaucous below, 2.5 or more times as long as wide, some serrations >0.5 mm deep; petioles 1/3 or more length of blade. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. PODEW, COMMON NAMES: REGENERATION PROCESSES: Growth and penetration of poplar seedling roots immediately following germination is reported to be wislizeni (S. [143], common reed … These poplar trees shed cotton during June and July. Eastern cottonwood leaves are triangular (deltoid) with curved teeth along the edges. Best to plant these trees by creeks, in seeps, or in areas with plenty of natural water. The lanceleaf cottonwood, however, will only live for up to 50 years. (2). When properly situated and with access to plenty of water, they can grow 10-20 feet in a year and reach up to 100 feet in height and 35 feet in width - so not a great choice for small gardens. Some types of cottonwood such as the narrowleaf and Fremont species can live for up to 150 years. 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