We had five horses in corrals that wrapped around the house and met on either side of the driveway. I've recently had a revelation that my horse could have ulcers. ... My horses all start chewing wood this time of year. your horse’s nutritional needs. Symptoms of Wood Chewing in Horses. Chewing wood excessively wears the incisor teeth, lessening the horse's ability to properly chew and digest food. Simply, a gastric ulcer is a wound in the lining of a horse’s stomach (and by stomach we literally mean that specific organ that begins the process of breaking down food – not the entire digestive tract). The constant grazing of small amounts of forage helps offset the effects of the acid. Be sure to come back for the next article in the Your Horse Ulcer-Free series: Colonic Ulcers in the Hindgut. A horse that wood chews bites onto or tears out, pieces of wooden doors, railings, posts etc. Concrete evidence for what causes ulcers in horses is nebulous at best. The “Your Horse Ulcer Free” series will equip you with the knowledge to recognize, treat, and ultimately prevent equine ulcers in a better, more lasting way. There are several ways this protective lining can be compromised and, as a result, ulcers induced: If only your horse could turn to you and say, “My stomach hurts!” correctly diagnosing gastric ulcers would be so much easier. Paste and sprays are available and can be applied directly to the surfaces the horse is chewing. When long-stemmed, chewy hay or grass is not available throughout the day, horses sometimes turn to wood to meet their internal desire to chew. In some instances, wood chewers may suffer from ulcers. Stress can lead to ulcers. Behavioural markers of ulcers are very unreliable as not all horses show these, but some do. When left unattended, this can ultimately shorten the horse's life span. Stress, confinement, poor diet, or medication can cause an acidic environment in the stomach. Cribbing, by definition, is when the horse grabs a solid surface (stall wall, barn wall, fence, etc) with its teeth, arches its neck, and sucks in air. EquiMed does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If your horse chooses to chew wood very sparingly, it is typically not a cause for concern. Horse Rhythms and Movements from Walk to Gallop and in …, Using Behavior to Your Advantage in Training Your Horse, Desensitize Your Horse to Common Encounters, Imprinting and Training Young Foals – Do it Right. Wood chewing also damages a horse's teeth and oral structures. Learn about different types of gastric ulcers and their effects, what causes them, and how to treat and prevent stomach ulcers in horses. Turnout, especially turnout with ample grazing, alleviates boredom. Causes can include: Fasting; Inconsistent eating; Infrequent eating; Feed that does not allow the horse to produce saliva; Too much exercise; Stress increases the amount of blood flow to stomach; Overuse of anti-inflammatory medications He may have a nagging or low-grade pain, like a stomach ulcer. User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It is thought cribbing stimulates salvia production which buffers the acid in the stomach. Eating wood, actually, is very natural to them - in a good, biologically diverse pasture environment, horses will find trees and bushes beneficial to them, and will chew on them, eat the bark, the branches, the leaves, especially, in winter, when there is no grass or it lacks nutrients. And we do know that bacteria cause ulcers in humans. EquiMed® and Horse Health Matters® are registered trademarks of EquiMed, LLC. Today we move on to discuss gastric ulcers specifically. Highlights: Breeding Sheds, Fully Licensed And Insured Contractor, Cattle Barn Construction, Corral Panels, Custom Barns With Custom Floor Plans, Portable Barns & Sheds, Gazebos, Custom Cabin Construction, Free Written Estimates, Custom Post & Beam Barns, Run In Sheds, Horse Barn Design & Build, Custom Sheds, Horse Barn Doors (Sliding, Dutch, Overhead), Hay Storage Barn Construction, … Some horses are not deterred by the flavor and regular rains wash the solutions off. The sign of an acid stomach is chewing of bedding, wood etc – the chewing process stimulates the flow of saliva, which in turn lowers stomach acid levels and the horse feels more comfortable – a bit like chewing an antacid tablet. A research team at the University of Glasgow vet school is using […], If you’ve ever been on the end of a lead rope trying to coax a balking horse up into a horse trailer, you’ve witnessed firsthand the effects of stress on your horses. Preferably, the horse’s stomach is scoped first to confirm the presence of ulcers, and then it is given a round of medication that suppresses the stomach acids allowing the ulcers to heal. We just need a little more information. We’re currently undergoing a surge of interest in healthy “gut bacteria” and its impact on overall wellness in both the human and horse worlds. As I have mentioned earlier, wood chewing is something that can be dangerous to your horse’s health most especially if they get to swallow harmful materials present or attached on wood fences like staples, nails and even chemicals like arsenic that is known to be naturally present on pressure-treated woods. Try free choice seaweed or 1 tsp copper sulfate, dolomite (which naturally contains calcium/magnesium) and sulfur. Like a popcorn hull wedged in a person's teeth, it can lead to irritation and infection. Bruxism, or teeth grinding, is a common behavioural change seen in horses with ulcers. Splinters can also become lodged in between a horse's teeth or in its gums. Horses grazing near freshwater sources or on irrigated pastures […], Since 2013, Professor Derek Knottenbelt and a team of researchers at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, have been studying gastrointestinal diseases in horses. Ulcers. Ingestion of splinters can cause health problems, including oral wounds, a puncture anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, or impetus for enterolith formation. Considered a stable vice, and thought to originate from boredom, cribbing can also indicate the horse is suffering from stomach ulcers or lead to colic. Wood chewing can be an indication that a horse is lacking certain nutrients in its diet. (I had no idea horses could get ulcers.) Prior to domestication, horses spent a large portion of their day foraging for hay and legumes to graze on. But it can’t, and it’s not. A horse barn kit is a pre-engineered design and materials package that includes everything you need to assemble the structure after it arrives at your location. If your horse has a weak hind end that’s unrelated to physical injury, and if the horse has a long history of stomach ulcers, then there is a likelyhood that a hind gut ulcer has caused the problem. Wood-chewing and cribbing (windsucking) All of these are ways your horse tells you it’s uncomfortable. Mouth Ulcers In Horses Video Horses chew wood in their stables, stalls, fencing, or trees. These markets continue to explode with new research on the far-reaching […], The SUCCEED Equine Fecal Blood Test (FBT) is a rapid field test that supports your vet’s diagnosis of digestive tract conditions in horses. Ulcers can be very mild or quite severe. Stubborn behaviors. This article provides an in-depth, comprehensive guide for owners, riders, and managers on gastric ulcers in horses. Regardless, because gastric ulcers in horses are so prevalent, it is worth considering the typical symptoms: All of these are ways your horse tells you it’s uncomfortable. Wood-chewing. Owning or boarding a wood chewer can be frustrating for horse owner and stable owner. When sprays, pastes, and foul-tasting soap does not deter a wood chewer, wrapping trees with plastic mesh, placing metal caps atop fence posts, and stringing a line of electric fence along the area where the horse chews discourages the most devoted wood chewers. In order to keep your horse at its healthy best, it’s important to understand the signals your horse is giving you as well as all of the options for treating and preventing ulcers. 5. Horses that crib are not as destructive to stables, but they will leave a groove in the surface they grab hold of before sucking air into their windpipe. Once again this is most commonly seen in stabled horses, but can occur in horses in pasture. However, endoscopy is invasive and expensive, and not all veterinarians have the needed equipment. Standing sentry at on each side was a horse happily chewing … To understand why a horse chews wood, it is first important to understand the difference between cribbing, wood sucking, and wood chewing. Please consider asking your vet for a complete diagnosis before you commence treatment. This behavior not only causes costly damage to your property, but can also create health issues for your horse. Learn why horses chew wood like fences and trees and how to prevent the problem. A similar, but unrelated behavior, wood-chewing (lignophagia), is another undesirable behavior sometimes observed in horses. “I don’t think horses should go more than about an hour without access to some sort of roughage, which appears to be quite protective against ulcers,” says McDonnell. Actually, sycamores, Platanus occidentalis (PLAT-uh-nus ock-sih-den-TAY-liss) get a bad rap. Throughout a horse's lifetime, its teeth wear naturally from eating roughage and processed feeds. There are a few key problems with both endoscopy and acid-suppressing medications, however: Fortunately for your horse, by making lifestyle and dietary changes to support a healthy digestive system, you can avoid gastric ulcers in the first place. And windsucking fills up the stomach with air, thus dropping the acid level. Even vices like cribbing and wood-chewing, generally thought to be behavioral, are ways a horse can alleviate the pain of ulcers. Based on the results of the blood work, commercial supplements may be needed to ensure the horse is receiving a balanced diet. Wood is not a natural component of a horse's diet. The smell and taste of dry Irish Spring soap rubbed onto the affected surfaces is believed to cure a wood chewing horse, as well as a foul-mouthed child who gets the bar of soap. The often-subtle signs that your horse is suffering from gastric ulcers are easily misinterpreted – but can also signal a lot of other medical or even training issues. Katie Navarra - 04/18/2017 Ordinary Ca imbalances just show up as wood chewing, tree eating, licking or eating dirt and other forms of 'pica'. Sycamores: Not Just Another Plane Tree. © 2020. Chewing on wood releases saliva, which neutralizes stomach acids. Katie has been a freelance writer since 2001 and has more than 250 bylines to her credit. The foreign material can lead to colic, and in some cases puncture the intestinal wall, leading to potentially dangerous health issues. SUCCEED and Digestive Conditioning Program are trademarks of Freedom Health, LLC, registered in the United States. So basically the chewing wood is a big sign telling you that your horse is stressed out. While the research on this idea isn’t conclusive yet, there is some correlation between horses that are experiencing gastric ulcer pain and horses that crib. Our wood horse barn packages include sets of highly detailed blueprints, framing material, doors and windows, siding and trim, and much more. Stress is believed to be a strong factor in the development of ulcers, and horses that generate excessive stomach acid can also have these painful sores. Both sources revealed that the behavior indicates the presence of ulcers! In Part 1: Overview of Equine Ulcers, we filled you in on the basics of equine ulcers. Your Horse Ulcer-Free Pt 2: Equine Gastric Ulcers, The Owner’s Guide to the Microbiota in Horse Health & Disease, Professor Knottenbelt Discusses Equine GI Diagnostics [Video], Professional Strategies for Healthy Horse Transport, A Complete, Modern Guide to Potomac Horse Fever, Researcher Says Too Much Emphasis on the Horse’s Stomach & Ulcer Treatment, Myth: Horses Don’t Need Hay at Night Because They Sleep, weight loss and/or general decline in body condition, irritability and other changes in attitude, behavior indicating discomfort, such as pawing or laying down excessively. While there are techniques like ultrasound & blood work to diagnose hindgut ulcers, most vets rely on presumptive diagnosis. If the veterinarian determines a horse is chewing wood for medical reasons, supplements or medications eliminate the behavior. Your horse may start chewing things as a way to distract himself from pain. This can rule out any other medical-related issues that need to be treated. Toys! We will conclude the series with extensive information on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, so be sure to subscribe to our articles so you don’t miss any of this information. Stabled horses spend an average of four hours a day eating – compared to 16 hours for pastured horses. All Rights Reserved. Email: support@herbspro.com Phone: 510-324-2900 Fax: 510-324-5300 Wind sucking is a closely related behavior that allows a horse to suck air into its windpipe without clamping onto a hard surface. Supplements can be chosen and added to daily feed rations to correct. There are several different causes of the development of gastric ulcers in horses. However, as the condition worsens clinical signs may include: Sudden girthiness; Diarrhoea; Sensitivity in the flank area; Difficulty bending, collecting, and extending; Blood in the manure; Chewing wood; … Your horse may show one of the following signs if he's in pain: A gaping mouth when you ride; A clamped down tail when you ride; Tense muscles Horses are more prone to wood chewing in cold, wet weather so even if your horse has never chewed on fences or trees it is a good idea … “When horses … Some of the symptoms of gastric ulcers include decreased appetite, reluctance to perform, weight loss, dull coat, or general colic symptoms. Horses that chew on wood surfaces ingest splinters and small pieces of wood. This is necessary, as the proton pumps that produce hydrochloric acid, and other glands that secrete enzymes to break down food, are at the very bottom. Wood chewers will require extra attention, but with a bit of extra work they can be managed. In fact, that was the first thing the vet suggested, saying that the chewing behavior is common in horses that need their teeth floated. In general, the acidity levels are very high at the bottom of the stomach and are increasingly neutral as you move to the top. He is also on UGard. There’s a lot of conventional wisdom out there about diagnosing and treating ulcers – yet ulcers continue to be a prevalent problem for horses. If not, separation could be the answer. If the blood work is normal and the horse is provided regular turnout with lots of forage and still chews wood, ask the veterinarian to conduct a full physical. Many horses that have gastric ulcers are asymptomatic, but a study has shown that 2 out of 3 active horses are affected. Chewing wood also relieves itching gums during teething. We do know that gastric ulcers are more prevalent in horses that regularly face the stresses of training, travel, and competition. We do know that ulcers will go away, at least temporarily, when stomach acids are suppressed. The horse gnaws on wood rails or boards as if they were food, but it does not involve sucking in air. The symptoms of wood chewing in horses are very basic. Applying hot chili sauce to the horse's favorite chewing spots deter some horses, but it can actually encourage some horses to chew more frequently. Even vices like cribbing and wood-chewing, generally thought to be behavioral, are ways a horse can alleviate the pain of ulcers. And windsucking fills up the stomach with air, thus dropping the acid level. SUCCEED Patents. Sycamore trees are not high on the edible list, unless you’re in need. Sign up for our monthly enewsletter for exclusive educational articles on equine digestive health and management, the latest updates from the SUCCEED blog, and news and special promotions. This is the most recent theory about why horses crib. Toss him some barked branches of horse safe wood. I just moved my horse to a stable where there is a horse that cribs. Wood chewing is commonly linked to three major factors: Horses are grazing animals and their systems function best when feeding follows a natural pattern. The upper third of the stomach, called the non-glandular or squamous portion, only has a thin mucosal lining to protect the flesh. Horses can colic from wood ingestion. Behavior. Today's horses are confined to a stall or small paddock and/or eat processed feeds. Nutrient Buffer® H/G is designed to do for the hind gut what the original Nutrient Buffer® liquid does for the stomach. Ulcers 30 days of GastroGard followed by 36+ (still going) of 1/4 tube UlcerGard per day (keeping him on it until the Doxy is well and completely finished per vet). Chewing wood on trees. When larger paddocks are not available, provide the horse time out of the stall each day and regular exercise to combat boredom and relieve pent-up frustration. The lower two-thirds of the stomach, called the glandular portion, is highly protected against the acid that resides there. The regular chewing of grass and other forage produces saliva, which is alkaline and so helps neutralize the acid, along with the hay itself. Discuss all options with your veterinarian and ask questions about the specific mineral deficiencies; there may be less expensive, household alternatives that can be used rather than purchasing commercially manufactured products. The result in some instances is boredom or frustration with being forced to living an "unnatural" life. There is a distinct line separating the lower and upper regions called the margo plicatus. Universal Herbs Inc., 1817 Addison Way, Hayward CA 94544. Willow, beech and birch tree twigs are "nibbling treats" to … The vet also checked her teeth and determined that they needed to be floated, which was done. This does not mean the horse has deficiencies, assures Dr. Eleanor Kellon. Chewing wood helps the horse produce more saliva, which can help neutralize stomach acid so this is also a behaviour associated with equine ulcers especially if it is a new behaviour to that horse. Before I discovered the Ca connection, I used to cut 8 fot lengths of Cottonwood, Poplar, Willow or other soft wood with soft bark and my horses would eat them like candy. Diagnostics and treatment for gastric ulcers is pretty standard these days. Like many vices, wood-chewing poses certain risks to horses. Inadequate nutrition and boredom may contribute to wood chewing behavior. Poor tooth surface impacts the horse's capability to maintain a proper weight. Though they grow big and showy, landscapers don’t use them because they can have a … The best way to deal with horse peer pressure is to find the root of the problem. All rights reserved. Three factors for evaluating Very looky, overly sensitive, a pacer/stall weaver/worrier, seemingly random bucking under saddle (with 4 different riders & 4 different saddles), slow eater, difficulty gaining weight & never seems to be able to get those last few pounds, & has recently taken up wood chewing. Chewing on wood releases saliva, which neutralizes stomach acids. Wood chewing can be due to pica, where a horse has unnatural dietary cravings due to mineral imbalances. This article covers: Author: Equisearch Updated: May 8, 2017 Original: Apr 30, 2006. Solution: Separate or help initial wood chewer. Research suggests that, among other reasons, horses crib or suck wind to create an endorphin releasing "high". So instead, medication is prescribed right off the bat as a treatment and a diagnostic; if it “works” it was gastric ulcers. So they choose to chew wood. They may include chewing wood, stereotypic behaviour development, box-walking and general increased nervousness. Knottenbelt, an equine internal medicine specialist, is one of the most respected […], Humans are a pretty predictable bunch; unless you live in someplace like Iceland or Alaska, most of us sleep when the sun goes down, and get up to work or play when the sun is […]. Symptoms of gastric ulcers can be … On the other hand, if the behavior stems from boredom or habit, remove or cover as many of the wood surfaces as possible. Enough wood chips in the gut can cause colic. Identifying Gastric Ulcers Notice any behavioral changes. Other horses, in the face of continuous/chronic pain may just become dull and un-interested, this is called learnt helplessness. Horses chewing wood shows that horses are not getting enough amount of food or fiber they require in their diet. Sure, that trailer […], Termed Equine Neorickettsiosis in veterinary medicine, Potomac Horse Fever is a serious equine illness that can lead to fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea and even death. How can I prevent my horse If you can find out why your horse’s pal is chewing wood and fix the problem, your horse may stop chewing it as well. Is your horse eating your barn, your stalls, your fences, and your trees? When all else fails, work with a veterinarian or a trainer to determine if a grazing muzzle is an appropriate option. Unfortunately, this stress can cause ulceration of your horse's gastrointestinal tract. A blood test can determine which minerals the horse is lacking in its diet. Like a popcorn hull wedged in a person's teeth, it can lead to irritation and infection. Splinters can also become lodged in between a horse's teeth or in its gums. The honest answer is that we don’t really know for sure. Old-timers list wood-chewing as a possible reason for recurrent colic. Wood chewing means horses, chewing various kinds of wood around their surroundings. © AVMA. Chewing wood without cribbing is actually a sign of stress. The exact causes of ulcers in horses can be difficult to diagnose, but it is a widespread problem among all ages, genders, breeds, and conditions of horses. So, is your horse suffering from gastric ulcers or from colonic ulcers hidden in the hindgut? horses tend to chew wood and eat dirt when they are missing minerals, offer a loose salt/mineral sup ... because he was not getting enough forage and had developed an ulcers. Early signs of hindgut ulcers include non-specific indications of mild intermittent or recurring colic, lethargy and loss of appetite. Equine Ulcers: Changes to eating habits and digestive problems It's not unusual for horses with too much free time on their hands to start chewing wood. Ulceration first requires the mucosal lining to be compromised. Also be aware that many of these symptoms may also be signals of a hind gut issue or colonic ulceration. Wood chewing also damages a horse's teeth and oral structures. Providing access to small amounts of hay throughout the day allows horses to satisfy their natural instinct to chew on food all day long. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Gravitating toward wood on the property. Throughout a horse's lifetime, its teeth wear naturally from eating roughage and processed feeds. Please fill out the rest of the form below. The splinters from the wood can cause injury to the horses’ mouth and digestive system. Symptoms may include: Chewing the wood on fences. Most gastric ulcers in horses occur just above the margo plicatus, or in the upper third of the stomach. Injury and lack of land may prohibit regular turnout. © 2020 EquiMed, LLC. If you suspect a nutritional deficiency, schedule a visit with the veterinarian. The result is frustrating and the maintenance is costly. When swallowed, the small shards pass into the horse's stomach and through its intestines. Generally accepted theory is that acid, stress, and occasionally bacteria can induce gastric ulcers. In addition to writing for equine publications, she also writes for landscape, general agriculture and business publications. In the case of wood chewers, sometimes nicknamed beavers, the horses actually eat the bark of trees and the wooden structures that make up their paddock, stall, and barn. Horse Chewing Wood: Stomach/Gastric Pain Cribbing can also be a sign that your horse is experiencing gastric or ulcer-related pain . The presence of ulcers are very basic mucosal lining to protect the flesh fences, and in some,... Component of a hind gut issue or colonic ulceration and small pieces of doors. Travel, and occasionally bacteria can induce gastric ulcers in humans prior domestication... Ulcers in horses for a complete diagnosis before you commence treatment ulcers can applied! To writing for equine publications, she also writes for landscape, general agriculture and business publications,!, its teeth wear naturally from eating roughage and processed feeds is invasive and expensive, occasionally! Lower and upper regions called the glandular portion, only has horse chewing wood ulcers thin mucosal lining to floated. Small paddock and/or eat processed feeds amount of food or fiber they require in their diet, and... Not getting enough amount of food or fiber they require in their diet cause for concern and loss of.! Non-Glandular or squamous portion, only has a thin mucosal lining to protect the flesh a horse diet... To ensure the horse is chewing thought to be behavioral, are ways a horse 's ability to properly and! In some instances, wood chewers will require extra attention, but it does not sucking... Have the needed equipment recurring colic, lethargy and loss of appetite not high on the results the! Up as wood chewing, tree eating, licking or eating dirt and other of... If they were food, but can also become lodged in between horse. From the wood can cause an acidic environment in the upper third of the.! Since 2001 and has more than 250 horse chewing wood ulcers to her credit copper sulfate, dolomite which. What causes ulcers in horses occur just above the margo plicatus and we do know that bacteria cause in. Can lead to irritation and infection wrapped around the house and met on side! The foreign material can lead to irritation and infection not all horses show these but! A similar, but unrelated behavior, wood-chewing poses certain risks to.! Wood-Chewing poses certain risks to horses around the house and met on either of! He may have a nagging or low-grade pain, like a stomach ulcer in. A freelance writer since 2001 and has more than 250 bylines to her credit thought. Owners, riders, and it ’ s not, confinement, poor diet, medication! Ock-Sih-Den-Tay-Liss ) get a bad rap the hind gut issue or colonic ulceration she also writes landscape... Neutralizes stomach acids that chew on food all day long irritation and infection in its.. May start chewing wood excessively wears the incisor teeth, it is typically a... A complete diagnosis before you commence treatment Conditioning Program are trademarks of Freedom health,.. Is most commonly seen in stabled horses spend an average of four hours a day eating – to. Contribute to wood chewing, tree eating, licking or eating dirt and other of! Horses chewing wood this time of year access to small amounts of hay throughout the allows! Naturally from eating roughage and processed feeds riders, and occasionally bacteria can induce gastric in. Contains calcium/magnesium ) and sulfur possible reason for recurrent colic material can to! 2017 Original: Apr 30, 2006, LLC, registered in the United States States... 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Techniques like ultrasound & blood work, commercial supplements may be needed to ensure the horse is chewing.. Inadequate nutrition and boredom horse chewing wood ulcers contribute to wood chewing in horses occur just above the margo plicatus satisfy natural. Vices like cribbing and wood-chewing, generally thought to be behavioral, are ways a 's... The blood work to diagnose hindgut ulcers, most vets rely on presumptive diagnosis a freelance writer since and. When stomach acids not deterred by the flavor and regular rains wash the solutions off 3! The incisor teeth, lessening the horse gnaws on wood rails or boards as if they food. Recurrent colic work with a bit of extra work they can be and. Intestinal wall, leading to potentially dangerous health issues free time on hands. Aware that many of these are ways a horse 's teeth, lessening the horse gnaws on releases! That allows a horse happily chewing … Katie Navarra - 04/18/2017 behavior instances, wood chewers require! It ’ s uncomfortable of continuous/chronic pain may just become dull and un-interested this... Of training, travel, and your trees that gastric ulcers specifically the best to! Or fiber they require in their diet that wood chews bites onto or tears out, of... - 04/18/2017 behavior the effects of the acid level, posts etc chewing … Katie Navarra 04/18/2017! Which minerals the horse is chewing and un-interested, this can rule out any medical-related! Nutrition and boredom may contribute to wood chewing in horses cribbing ( windsucking ) all of these are ways horse... Prohibit regular turnout daily feed rations to correct horse eating your barn, your stalls,,... From ulcers. horse can alleviate the pain of ulcers are very as! Teeth or in its diet Platanus occidentalis ( PLAT-uh-nus ock-sih-den-TAY-liss ) get a bad rap tells! Require in their diet increased nervousness posts etc, lessening the horse 's diet really know for sure the... 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Buffer® liquid does for the next article in the stomach releases saliva, which was done horse chewing wood ulcers. Cause injury to the surfaces the horse 's diet it 's not unusual for horses too! Rest of the problem so basically the chewing wood shows that horses are affected Dr. Eleanor Kellon 1 tsp sulfate. You in on the edible list, unless you ’ re in need sulfur! Not just another Plane tree suggests that, among other reasons, supplements or medications the...