Brucellosis in equines is characterized by two conditions, namely Poll evil and fistulous withers: A horse’s poll is the area at the top of the head between the ears and running down the back of the neck. If that happens, it may cause pain or infections. 30% of clinically affected equines die from it. If their mucous membranes are a notably paler complexion compared to their usual appearance, it could be a sign of anemia or other concerns. Donkeys will become depressed and die if you split a pair up. The conjunctiva includes the inner eyelid and surrounding membrane. A veterinarian may prescribe pain medicine and give recommendations for trimming the hoof. Fistulous withers is a condition found in horses and donkeys where the supraspinous bursa (located near the withers) becomes inflamed. (Back to the top). After handling infected animals, wash your hands, clean and disinfect your boots, and change clothes. You may also observe swelling, heat, and pain at the coronary band if there is an infection. In order to maximize the value of your donkey health examinations, we’ve developed a free printable donkey health exam form for sanctuaries and rescues! A single testicle should never be removed if the other cannot be located; the animal may remain fertile and this could lead to serious welfare implications if mares and jennies are impregnated. You can check their digestive system by listening in the space between their final rib and their back leg, though you must take care because if there’s a chance they’re in pain, the donkey may kick at you for trying to get so close! Close daily observation can be difficult with certain individuals or groups who come from challenging backgrounds. "Some ear mites produce a waxy plug in the ear … Your vet will look for the hard-to-see small, white critters through a microscope or a magnifying scope that veterinarians and physicians use to look into ears. Treatment for arthritis differs depending on the root cause, so if you believe that a donkey is suffering from arthritis, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian. Some cataracts are congenital, while others are acquired. When a UTI has spread to the kidneys it is called pyelonephritis. Caregivers should be trained to observe animals both for behaviors that are abnormal for the species and also behaviors that are abnormal for each individual, keeping in mind issues that are common in a particular species and their warning signs. Dog ear mites are a lot more common than many of us think, but not all pet owners can recognize them. While Thrush rarely cause any major health problems, you will want to treat the condition by cleaning the infected hoof with treated solution. The necks of donkeys and mules are … Tetanus can be prevented by annual vaccinations. Amber is the Research Specialist of the Open Sanctuary Project. Feed – sudden changes to diet, poor quality food, too much grass, feeding cereals: Make any dietary changes gradually over at least a week, ideally 2-4 weeks. Unfortunately, cataracts are irreversible once formed. Bacterial infections and trauma to the eye can also cause conjunctivitis. Instead, they’re close relatives of spiders. Symptoms can include stumbling, falling, weakness, muscle stiffness and tightness, muscle atrophy, and localized sweating. Read tips on how to grow and care for a Donkey's tail plant at Houseplant411.com. Others are soft nodules under the skin, and some start off as alopecia with a crust surface. Pigeon fever is an infectious disease affecting donkeys and horses. Hoof cracks can be categorized as grass or sand cracks. Humans do not serve as suitable hosts for this mite. Donkeys are more prone to EMS than horses. If you suspect an abscess, call a veterinarian to diagnose it. Common organisms involved in these issues are. This species, despite its name, is also responsible for 90% of ear mite infections in cats. If you have any questions or requests for us, we're always here for you. In almost all cases, the area surrounding the bursa becomes thickened with scar tissue and inflammation. While horses that contract lungworms can develop problematic respiratory issues, infected donkeys are clinically unaffected by lungworm infections. Treatment involves rest and careful observation to prevent secondary infections. Ensure that the donkey doesn’t have pain when they move their joints. Difficulty walking, stumbling, weakness of limbs. In severe cases, you may observe poor appetite and weakness. Donkeys tend to be more stoic than horses, and therefore require a much closer look to determine if something is amiss. If you are new to caring for donkeys, you may think they are like small horses and act similarly. It is possible to treat a small separation by flushing and bandaging the area, and administering antibiotics and NSAIDs. Prior to regularly conducting donkey health examinations, you should have a veterinarian or compassionate care expert give you hands-on training in order to be the best donkey health advocate possible. There are many cause of conjunctivitis, ranging from viral disease to fungal infections. Anthrax can quickly spread to other animals from the infected donkey, including humans. If the bursa is un-ruptured and not draining, treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents is recommended. As with the human version, Equine Flu is It is mainly acquired through inhalation of the virus from ill animals coughing, but it is also possible to spread it indirectly through food buckets or humans that have been in contact with sick donkeys. Caregivers should be trained to observe animals both for behaviors that are abnormal for the species and also behaviors that are abnormal for each. If a source includes the (Non-Compassionate Source) tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. , and therefore require a much closer look to determine if something is amiss. Consult your, Pick up manure from the paddock a minimum of twice per week, Reduce stress and ensure you ‘trickle feed’ the donkey. Sarcoptes scabiei var. Treating the crack involves stabilization of the crack and preventing it from becoming dirty or wet. Please consider supporting The Open Sanctuary Project by making a donation today! An example of accesses of the internal organs is Strangles, an infection caused by Streptococcus equi that causes abscesses in the lymph nodes below the ear and under the throat, as well as in the internal organs. Your veterinarian may recommend treating the donkey with an antibiotic. (Back to the top). However, the Coggins test can help diagnose and control the disease. (Back to the top). Their rear end shouldn’t have any discharge, excessive accumulations of fecal matter around it, nor should it be crusty or bloody. Only specialized surgery can potentially fix the issue. Sadly, there is currently no cure. However, corticosteroids are likely to worsen the symptoms. It can be very painful. Treatment for arthritis differs depending on the root cause, so if you believe that a donkey is suffering from arthritis, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian. This ultimately causes increased quantities of hormones to be released from the gland. Donkeys are particularly susceptible to this condition. Call a veterinarian to discuss the symptoms and proper course of treatment. It’s important to be familiar with the behaviors of each resident donkey so you can quickly notice when something doesn’t seem right. Sadly, there is currently no cure. Definitely get advice from a veterinarian on the best course of action and in the meantime, try to leave them them alone. The Truth About Donkeys, Horses, And Lungworm | The Donkey Sanctuary, A Guide To Donkey Care | American Mule Association (Non-Compassionate Source), The Scoop On Poop | Horse & Rider (Non-Compassionate Source), Signs Of Horse Illness | Horse (Non-Compassionate Source), Knowing When To Call The Vet For Your Horse | Dummies (Non-Compassionate Source), Know Your Healthy Horse | Equisearch (Non-Compassionate Source). The wound may continue to donkey ear mites pus and the individual when biting insect populations are at an density. 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